Pitoti 3D

Italy’s petroglyphs were carved into rock faces by prehistoric cultures. This project sets out to investigate and document the 3D nature of these petroglyphs for the first time.
External Staff
Baker Frederick
Dipl.-Ing. Ewald Wieser, BSc
Partners
  • The University of Nottingham
  • University of Cambridge
  • Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
  • Graz University of Technology
  • ArcTron 3D GmbH
  • Centro Camuno Studi Preistorici
Funding
The project is funded from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no 600545; 2013-2016
Runtime
03/01/2013 – 02/28/2016
Status
finished
Pitoti 3D

The petroglyphs in the Camonica Valley in Italy, referred to locally as Pitoti, were carved into rock faces by prehistoric cultures. These precious artefacts form part of Europe’s cultural heritage. Studying them is often very problematic because the slopes on which they are found are difficult to access. The PITOTI 3D project, led by the University of Nottingham, is investigating and documenting the three-dimensional nature of the petroglyphs for the first time. St. Pölten UAS is focusing on the development of intelligent data processing technologies for manipulating the scanned 3D data based on classification, clustering and retrieval methods, in order to identify the inherent structures in the data and process it into a useable form. The project aims to make the rock art accessible to the general public as well as experts for the first time, and present the images in an engaging and interactive way.

 

Pitoti in Valcamonica © FHSTP

Different scales of the microscope range © 3D-Pitoti Project, edited by FHSTP

Depth map of a small patch of a large point cloud © FHSTP

Publications

Seidl, Markus, & Zeppelzauer, Matthias. (2019). Towards Distinction of Rock Art Pecking Styles with a Hybrid 2D/3D Approach. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Content-based Multimedia Indexing (CBMI) (p. 4). Dublin, Irland.
Zeppelzauer, M., Zielinski, B., Juda, M., & Seidl, M. (2018). A Study on Topological Descriptors for the Analysis of 3D Surface Texture. Journal on Computer Vision and Image Understanding (CVIU), 167, 74–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cviu.2017.10.012
Seidl, M. (2017, September). Digitally Enhancing Museum Experience & Understanding of Archeological Artefacts. Invited talk presented at the 15th Eurographics Workshop on Graphics and Cultural Heritage, Graz, Austria.
Poier, G., Seidl, M., Zeppelzauer, M., Reinbacher, C., Schaich, M., Bellandi, G., … Bischof, H. (2017). The 3D-Pitoti Dataset: A Dataset for high-resolution 3D Surface Segmentation. In Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Content-Based Multimedia Indexing - CBMI "17 (pp. 1–7). Florence, Italy: ACM Press. https://doi.org/10.1145/3095713.3095719
Zeppelzauer, M., Poier, G., Seidl, M., Reinbacher, C., Schulter, Samuel, C., Breiteneder, C., & Bischof, Horst. (2016). Interactive 3D Segmentation of Rock-Art by Enhanced Depth Maps and Gradient Preserving Regularization. ACM Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage, 9(4), 19:1-19:30. https://doi.org/10.1145/2950062
Wieser, E., Seidl, M., & Zeppelzauer, M. (2016). A Study on Skeletonization of Complex Petroglyph Shapes. Multimedia Tools and Applications (Springer), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-016-3395-1
Seidl, M. (2016). Computational Analysis of Petroglyphs (PhD Thesis). Vienna University of Technology, Vienna.
Zeppelzauer, M., Zielinski, B., Juda, M., & Seidl, M. (2016). Topological descriptors for 3D surface analysis. In In Proceedings of 6th International Workshop on Computational Topology in Image Context (Vol. 9667, pp. 77–87). Marseilles, France: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39441-1 8
Zeppelzauer, M., Zielinski, B., Juda, M., & Seidl, M. (2016). A Study on Topological Descriptors for the Analysis of 3D Surface Texture. Journal on Computer and System Sciences, 60.
Zeppelzauer, M., Poier, G., Seidl, M., Reinbacher, C., Breiteneder, C., & Bischof, H. (2015). Interactive Segmentation of Rock-Art in High-Resolution 3D Reconstructions. In Conference Proceedings of Digital Heritage 2015 Full Papers. Granada, Spain.
Zeppelzauer, M., Wieser, E., & Seidl, M. (2015). A Novel Annotation Tool for Complex Petroglyph Shapes. Presented at the The Future of Datasets in Vision Workshop (in conjunction with CVPR 2015), Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
Seidl, M. (2015, January). Intelligent Processing of High Resolution 3D Scans of Rock Art. Kolloquium presented at the The Cyprus Institute Colloquium Talks, The Cyprus Institute.
Seidl, M., Wieser, E., & Alexander, C. (2015). Automated classification of petroglyphs. Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, (0). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.daach.2015.03.001
Zeppelzauer, M., Wieser, E., & Seidl, M. (2015). A Novel Annotation Tool for Complex Petroglyph Shapes. In The Future of Datasets in Vision Workshop (in conjunction with CVPR 2015). Boston, MA, USA.
Seidl, M., Wieser, E., Zeppelzauer, M., Pinz, A., & Breiteneder, C. (2015). Graph-Based Shape Similarity of Petroglyphs. In L. Agapito, M. M. Bronstein, & C. Rother (Eds.), Computer Vision - ECCV 2014 Workshops (Vol. 8925, pp. 133–148). Springer International Publishing.
Zeppelzauer, M., & Seidl, M. (2015). Efficient Image-Space Extraction and Representation of 3D Surface Topography. In Conference Proceedings of ICIP - IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 2015 (pp. 2845–2849). Quebec, Canada: IEEE.
Seidl, M., Wieser, E., & Alexander, Craig. (2014, May). “Digital Tracing”, Classification and Analysis of 2D and 3D Recordings of Petroglyphs. Presented at the Conference on Documenting Prehistoric Parietal Art: Recently Developed Digital Recording Techniques, Cambridge University. Department of Archaeology.
Seidl, M., & Breiteneder, C. (2012). Automated petroglyph image segmentation with interactive classifier fusion. In Proceedings of the Eighth Indian Conference on Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing (pp. 66:1–66:8). New York, NY, USA: ACM. https://doi.org/10.1145/2425333.2425399
Seidl, M., Judmaier, P., Baker, F., Chippindale, C., Egger, U., Jax, N., … Seidl, G. (2011). Multi-touch Rocks: Playing with Tangible Virtual Heritage in the Museum - First User Tests. In VAST11: The 12th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage - Short and Project Papers. Prato, Italy: Eurographics Association.
Seidl, M., & Breiteneder, C. (2011). Detection and Classification of Petroglyphs in Gigapixel Images –Preliminary Results. In The 12th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage VAST11 - Short and Project Papers. Prato, Italy: Eurographics Association.

Selected thesis

Wieser, E., Skeletonization of Petroglyph Shapes, Master Thesis, St. Pölten, 2014.

Press coverage

Gar nicht oberflächlich
06/20/2016

Medium: Profil

Europa Rostra Award für Püppchen im Fels
06/11/2016

Medium: Die Presse

Archäologie-Medientechnik-Projekt der FH St. Pölten mit Weltkulturerbe-Preis ausgezeichnet

Publication date: 03.06.2016
Medium: Bezirksblätter
Author: Johannes Gold

Das mit dem Europa-Nostra-Preis geehrte Projekt widmete sich der Digitalisierung und Präsentation von prähistorischer Felskunst aus Italien.

Neue digitale Werkzeuge für Archäologen
04/09/2016

Medium: Die Presse
Author:  gral

Ein Tal voller Mysterien
11/01/2015

Medium: Universum Magazin
Author: Kurt de Swaaf

Rettung für "kleine Puppen"
04/07/2015

Medium: Falter
Author: Sonja Dries

Alte Disziplin mit neuen Mitteln. ArchäologInnen untersuchen prähistorische Steinfiguren mit dem 3D-Scanner
04/01/2015

Medium: Antike Welt

Felsmalerei digital erkennen
03/07/2015

Medium: Die Presse
Author: por

Technik aus St. Pölten für Italien
02/28/2015

Medium: Bezirksblätter
Author: Eva Dietl-Schuller

Durch den Einsatz neuester Technik digitalisieren Medientechniker in Projekt Steinbilder.

Alte Disziplin mit neuen Mitteln.
02/28/2015

Medium: NÖN

Neue Technik für uralte Felsbilder
02/16/2015

Medium: Salzburger Nachrichten

Prähistorische Felsgravuren in Italien werden erstmals mit 3-D-Scanner erfasst
02/10/2015

Medium: Der Standard

In Stein geschlagene Figuren in der Lombardei unter Mithilfe der FH St. Pölten erforscht und katalogisiert

Graffiti aus der Eisenzeit im 3D-Scanner

Publication date: 05.03.2014
Medium: Der Standard
Author: Kurt de Swaaf

Besuch bei den Püppchen aus der Bronzezeit
07/11/2016

Medium: OÖN - Oberösterreichische Nachrichten